Patients are admitted for surgical treatment of severe obesity and related metabolic disorders.
Throughout the process, the patient is followed by a multidisciplinary team of specialists including:
- a bariatric surgeon
- a psychiatrist
- a nutritionist
- an endocrinologist
- an internist
and if necessary:
- a pulmonologist
- a cardiologist
This multidisciplinary approach makes it possible to study all the particulars of the patient's individual case to gain a detailed picture so we can propose a personalised course of therapy, optimising the chances of successful surgery.
Obesity and the metabolic disorders it causes.
Obesity is a real pathology that involves each and every aspect of a patient’s personal life, including the psychological and the emotional
, plus it has serious repercussions on internal organ health. It mainly affects the digestive system organs, the heart, blood vessels and lungs. However, it can have pathological effects on the reproductive and musculoskeletal systems as well. It almost always triggers metabolic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidaemia.
Metabolic diseases: diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidaemia
The metabolic dysfunctions triggered by obesity will in turn lead to other pathological conditions
, particularly those affecting the heart and blood vessels. They also increase the risk of serious ischaemic events such as heart attack or stroke. Diabetes is a metabolic disease, which can have very severe complications, such as diabetic foot, diabetic retinopathy and loss of nerve sensitivity. In addition, it can cause severe kidney dysfunction, forcing the patient into dialysis.
Other metabolic diseases related to diabetes are hypertension and dyslipidaemia.
Hypertension causes headaches, dizziness and light-headedness, tinnitus, impaired vision and can lead to heart attacks, aortic aneurysms and other forms of heart disease, as well as kidney and eye diseases. Forms of dyslipidaemia, such as hypercholesterolaemia and hypertriglyceridaemia, can also worsen the risk of ischaemic heart disease.
Obesity, diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidaemia are closely linked and frequently occur in association. Given the additional pathological complications they bring, they represent a serious health risk for the bariatric patient.
The treatment of obesity is complex and requires the intervention of a large team of specialists.
Although today surgery is the only form of treatment that has any significant effect on severe obesity, the preparatory phase — performed in the outpatient clinic — is essential to providing the patient with a highly personalised treatment plan that increases the chances of surgical success.